“You ain’t nothin’ but a noun dog, declining all the time!” . . . OR . . . “The ‘Satellite View’ of all Greek Noun Declensions”

The following Greek Nouns Declensions chart, available here as a downloadable PowerPoint presentation and here as a downloadable PDF, details all of the types and genders of nouns that the New Testament Greek student will encounter. I know of no other paradigm in existence that condenses all of these case endings—based on the “8-case” paradigm—into a single, concise chart of all Greek noun declensions. I call it the satellite view of all Greek noun endings. Of significant value are the horizontal relationships existing between each type of noun presented in a vertical layout that can be clearly observed in this comprehensive, single-page layout. Assisting in your memorization of these endings are the use of arrows showing either identical or similar continuity, and yellow highlights denoting pattern shifts.

* NΟΤΕ:  The PowerPoint presentation also includes an overview of the “8-case” system, as well as a static view of the declension and translation of the 2nd declension masculine noun λόγος.

Of particular significance within the eight-case system for inflected noun endings are two additional cases not readily found in the more widely used five-case system. Sharing the same endings, singular and plural, as the Dative case are the Locative and Instrumental cases. As a memory aid, a helpful acronym for these three cases is to refer to them as the “L.I.D.” cases, particularly since their singular and plural forms always reveal, either an “iota subscript” or an iota “sandwiched” in between two other letters (e.g., οις, –αις). So, the “L.I.D.” acronym has an “I” in it, and the endings also all have an “I” in them in the form of an iota. (Note: 3rd Declension L.I.D. plurals have σι as their shared cases’ ending.)

It’s also noteworthy that Neuter nouns (pronouns, adjectives) always repeat their nominative endings in the accusative case (singular and plural, respectively).

There are various types of Greek nouns declined in the 3rd Declension, also called the “Consonant Declension.” These types derive their names based on the final letter(s) of their respective stems. Stems in this declension are not readily identifiable by referring to their Nominative singular (lexical) forms, but rather (usually) from their Genitive singular forms. It is helpful, therefore, for the student to memorize the Genitive singular stems of these types of “irregular” Greek nouns. For more on this click here.

Go to: Wermuth’s GREEKBOOK.com

Wermuth’s GREEKBOOK Now Available for Purchase as a Watermarked PDF!

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7 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. A magnificent work and labor of the Lord.

    • Thank you. I had a great beginning Greek instructor. I believe his teaching methodology was the best way to study Greek, or any language. What he taught me, I have also been able to apply to my self-taught Latin. Now I can pass that on to my students too, Greek and Latin all.

  2. The LXX has in Psalm 104:8 [103:8] a plural noun in the form of pedia (valleys or plain) and is parsed in some guides as an accusative. Can it also at least be a nominative in form? The word hore (mountains)in the same verse can be parsed either way. It is commonly parsed as an accusative in this verse, but its same form in verse 18 is parsed as a nominative. I just need to confirm the same possibility for pedia.

    • Yes, Steven. Your word “pedia” is, as I suspected, a neuter plural form of “pedion” (πεδιον, το). So, you are correct that this word could be parsed as either a “nominative” or as an “accusative,” since Greek neuter nouns have that strong, consistent characteristic of repeating their “nominatives” in the “accusatives” (singular and plural, respectively). So, as you can observe on this one-page “Satellite View” of Greek nouns (“PowerPoint” downloadable), a 2nd declension neuter noun like this one would have –ον and –ον as “nominative/accusative” in the singular, with –α and –α as “nominative/accusative” in the plural. Hope that helps. Thanks for asking.

  3. […] View” of εἰμί Similar in comprehensiveness to what’s available for Greek nouns and participles on this blog and also within the body of Wermuth’s GREEKBOOOK, here’s […]

  4. The Noun chart looks great! I’m a beginning Greek student, and have done well until Third declension nouns! The information seems to be going on an off like lightning bugs in my brain at this point! And I know I’ve barely gotten started. . . alas. We’re using Mounce in class, but I regularly hunt for other perspectives, too, and when it comes to memorizing, bizarre associations seem to work best for me. 🙂

    Gonna be a long journey . . .

  5. I would strongly encourage you to memorize the 3rd Declension noun endings from this nouns chart, just as you would the other two (easier?) declensions in all their genders and/or variations (i.e., 1st Declension). If you do that, the reasons for the “irregularities” of the 3rd Declension will be easier to comprehend. I also have a two-page discussion with charts on the various “types” of 3rd Declension nouns included in my Wermuth’s GREEKBOOK, available now for purchase as a watermarked PDF. For more, including a look at some sample pages off that PDF on this blog site, go to:


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